Break it down visually!
Task analysis is a process of breaking a whole skill into manageable and achievable steps. For children and students who have have difficulty planning and organising things in their daily activities, where processing a lot of information at once is challenging, breaking a task into smaller steps will give them a sense of achievement and independence.
Task analysis is not just helpful to a student/child who is a visual learner. We all refer to something at some point in our daily activity that has been task analysed, an example of this is a recipe or the famous "IKEA" instruction.
A task analysis can be presented in a number of formats that will suit the needs of the visual learner. That is, using photos, symbols, written words, or video . Video modelling combines several visuals to address independence see my Blog post "Work with their strength to achieve Independence. A sequence strip becomes a great point of reference when remembering the steps of a specific skill. A sequence strip can combine print and imagery. Sequence strips can be personalised using the student/child's photo and name. Below is an example of a sequence strip of washing your face. This visual tool would be useful if located in the bathroom within proximity to the bathroom vanity.
Sometimes, children with ASD and Intellectual Disability may have certain anxieties about particular events or activities. A sequence strip which outlines the basic steps of what is going to happen may help alleviate their stress. Below is an example of how the experience of going to the dentist can be shown visually to the visual learner. Some would even call this a Social Story.
Task analysis can also be used to develop observable sub-goals. Read about this in my next blog!